Sunday, December 16, 2018

Key Cell Phone Radiation Research Studies

Note: This is not intended to be a comprehensive list. I have focused on more recent papers and tried to be parsimonious. I will update this list periodically.

Tumor risk review papers

   Myung et al (2009) Mobile phone use and risk of tumors: a meta-analysis.
   Khurana et al (2009) Cell phones and brain tumors: a review including long-term epidemiologic data.
   Levis et al (2011) Mobile phones and head tumours: the discrepancies in cause-effect relationships in the epi studies-how do they arise.
   Levis et al (2012) Mobile phones and head tumours: a critical analysis of case-control epi studies.
   WHO (2013) IARC monographs on the evaluation of carcinogenic risks to humans. Volume 102: Non-ionizing radiation, Part 2: Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields.
   Morgan et al (2015) Mobile phone radiation causes brain tumors and should be classified as a probable human carcinogen (2A) (Review).
   Wang Y, Guo X (2016) Meta-analysis of association between mobile phone use and glioma risk.
   Bortkiewicz et al (2017) Mobile phone use and risk of intracranial tumors and salivary gland tumors - A meta-analysis.
   Prasad et al (2017) Mobile phone use and risk of brain tumours: a systematic review of association between study quality, source of funding, and research outcomes.
   Carlberg, Hardell (2017) Evaluation of mobile phone and cordless phone use and glioma risk using the Bradford Hill viewpoints from 1965 on association or causation.

   Miller, et al (2018). Cancer epidemiology update, following the 2011 IARC evaluation of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (Monograph 102).

    Also see Long-Term Cell Phone Use Increases Brain Tumor Risk

Tumor risk studies

   Interphone Study Group (2010) Brain tumour risk in relation to mobile phone use: results of the Interphone international case-control study
   Interphone Study Group (2011) Acoustic neuroma risk in relation to mobile telephone use: results of the INTERPHONE international case-control study.
   Aydin et al (2011) Mobile phone use & brain tumors in children & adolescents: a multi-center case-control study.  (CEFALO Study)
   Hardell et al (2013) Case-control study of the association between malignant brain tumours diagnosed between 2007 and 2009 and mobile and cordless phone use
   Hardell et al (2013) Pooled analysis of case-control studies on acoustic neuroma diagnosed 1997-2003 and 2007-2009 and use of mobile and cordless phones.
   Coureau et al (2014)  Mobile phone use and brain tumours in the CERENAT case-control study.
   Grell et al (2016) The intracranial distribution of gliomas in relation to exposure from mobile phones: Analyses from the INTERPHONE Study.

    Also see: Acoustic neuroma risk and cell phone use studies and 
Should Cellphones Have Warning Labels?

Breast cancer

   West et al (2013) Multifocal breast cancer in young women with prolonged contact between their breasts and their cellular phones.

Brain tumor incidence trends

   Inskip et al (2010) Brain cancer incidence trends in relation to cellular telephone use in the United States.
   Zada et al (2012) Incidence trends in the anatomic location of primary malignant brain tumors in the United States: 1992-2006.
   Hardell & Carlberg (2015) Increasing rates of brain tumours in the Swedish National Inpatient Register & the Causes of Death Register.
   Devocht (2016) Inferring the 1985–2014 impact of mobile phone use on selected brain cancer subtypes using Bayesian structural time series and synthetic controls.      corrigendum (2017):
   Hardell & Carlberg (2017) Mobile phones, cordless phones and rates of brain tumors in different age groups in the Swedish National Inpatient Register and the Swedish Cancer Register during 1998-2015.
  Philips et al (2018) Brain tumours: Rise in Glioblastoma Multiforme incidence in England 1995-2015 suggests an adverse environmental or lifestyle factor.

    Also see: Brain Tumor Rates Are Rising in the US: The Role of Cell Phone & Cordless Phone Use


   Ruediger (2009) Genotoxic effects of RF EMF.
   Behari (2010) Biological responses of mobile phone frequency exposure.
   Juutilainen et al (2011) Review of possible modulation-dependent biological effects of radiofrequency fields.
   Volkow et al (2011) Effects of cell phone radiofrequency signal exposure on brain glucose metabolism.
   Pall (2013) EMFs act via activation of voltage-gated calcium channels to produce beneficial or adverse effects.
   Calderon et al (2014) Assessment of extremely low frequency magnetic field exposure from GSM mobile phones.
   Dasdag & Akdag (2015) The link between RFs emitted from wireless technologies & oxidative stress.
   Yakymenko et al (2016) Oxidative mechanisms of biological activity of low-intensity radiofrequency radiation.
   Barnes & Greenenbaum (2016) Some effects of weak magnetic fields on biological systems: RF fields can change radical concentrations and cancer cell growth rates.
   Nikiforov et al (2016) On a possible mechanism of the effect of microwave radiation on biological macromolecules (Russian language).
   Tamrin et al (2016)  Electromagnetic fields and stem cell fate: When physics meets biology.
   Terzi et al (2016) The role of electromagnetic fields in neurological disorders.
   Havas (2017) When theory and observation collide: Can non-ionizing radiation cause cancer?
   Barnes & Kandala (2018) Effects of time delays on biological feedback systems and electromagnetic field exposures.
  Hinrikus et al (2018) Understanding physical mechanism of low-level microwave radiation effect.

Reproductive Health Effects

   LaVignera et al (2011) Effects of the exposure to mobile phones on male reproduction: a review of the literature.
   Aldad et al (2012) Fetal radiofrequency radiation exposure from 800-1900 Mhz-rated cellular telephones affects neurodevelopment and behavior in mice.
   Divan et al (2012) Cell phone use and behavioural problems in young children.
   Adams et al (2014) Effect of mobile telephones on sperm quality: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
   Houston et al (2016) The effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation on sperm function.
Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity

    See: Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity


   Kelsh et al (2010) Measured radiofrequency exposure during various mobile-phone use scenarios.
   Gandhi et al (2012) Exposure limits: the underestimation of absorbed cell phone radiation, especially in children.
   Schmid & Kuster (2015) The discrepancy between maximum in vitro exposure levels and realistic conservative exposure levels of mobile phones operating at 900/1800 MHz.
   Sagar et al. (2018) Comparison of radiofrequency electromagnetic field exposure levels in different everyday microenvironments in an international context.

Blood-Brain Barrier Studies

    See: AirPods: Are Apple’s New Wireless Earbuds Safe? (Blood-Brain Barrier Effects)


  Bandara P, Carpenter DO (2018). Planetary electromagnetic pollution: it is time to assess its impact. The Lancet Planetary Health.
  Belpomme et al (2018). Thermal and non-thermal health effects of low intensity non-ionizing radiation: An international perspective.
   Consumer Reports (2015) "Does cell-phone radiation cause cancer?"
  Foerster et al (2018). A prospective cohort study of adolescents' memory performance and individual brain dose of microwave radiation from wireless communication.
   Huss et al  (2007) Source of funding and results of studies of health effects of mobile phone use: systematic review of experimental studies.
   Fragopoulou et al (2010) Scientific panel on electromagnetic field health risks: consensus points, recommendations, and rationales.
   Alster, N (2015) Captured agency: How the FCC is dominated by the industries it presumably regulates. Harvard University.
   International EMF Scientist Appeal (2015)
   International Appeal: Scientists call for protection from non-ionizing electromagnetic field exposure. European J Oncology. 20(3/4). 2015.
   Kostoff, Lau (2017). Modified health effects of non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation combined with other agents reported in the biomedical literature.
   Hertsgaard, M, Dowie, M (2018). "How Big Wireless Made Us Think That Cell Phones Are Safe: A Special Investigation." The Nation, March 29, 2018.