An international scientific conference was held in Potenza Picena, Italy on April 20, 2013. The meeting was organized by the International Commission on Electromagnetic Safety (http://www.icems.eu). At the conclusion of the meeting, the twelve experts adopted two resolutions based upon the precautionary principle.
The experts reached the following conclusions:
- Radar that uses pulsed radiofrequency (RF) causes biological effects more invasive than non-pulsed EMF;
- RF can cause structural changes in enzymes in nanoseconds, while pulsed RF emitted by radar occurs every milliseconds which suggests that for every pulsing event several enzymatic changes occur;
- the pulsed signals can induce significant modifications in DNA regulation due to methylation of the genome;
- the scientific literature concludes that biological/health effects can occur at low intensity exposure, and chronic exposure can make a living organism more susceptible to EMF effects;
- ICEMS monograph (Eur. J. Oncol., 2010) concludes there are nonthermal mechanisms of action of EMF (including RF) on living matter;
- experiments on cells cultured in residential areas of Potenza Picena showed that radar activates apoptosis for short exposures;
- preliminary results from animal experiments show that RF is a co-carcinogenic agent;
- RF induces oxidative stress in tissues and living organisms;
- epidemiologic studies find significant health risks for people exposed to pulsed RF; more research is needed especially regarding pulsed RF;
- and the scientific literature suggests that the precautionary principle should be applied to EMF internationally.